Navigate Up
Sign In

European Health Interview Survey 2014/2015 (EHIS)

 


Contact person:  Dr Kathleen England​

Background to the Survey
 

The Directorate for Health Information & Research (DHIR) conducted the First National Health Interview Survey in 2002, followed by what became the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS)​ in 2008. It was anticipated that it would be carried out every 5 years in the future as per EU regulations. The fieldwork for the Second European Health Interview Survey in Malta and Gozo was carried out during the end of 2014 and early 2015. DHIR, which falls within the remit of Ministry for Energy and Health, is responsible for gathering national health statistics and carrying out research in the area of health. The EHIS is being implemented in accordance with legal requirements as stipulated by the European Commission and will provide a meaningful comparison with other member states regarding the health of the nation.


Questionnaire in English

Questionnaire in Maltese​

 

What is the aim of European Health Interview Survey?

 

The European Health Interview Survey is a study in which information on health related issues is systematically collected by means of interviews (without physical examination) to a representative sample of the resident population in Malta aged 15 and over. Health related issues incorporate dental, physical and mental health/illnesses; physical limitations in activities; use of health care services and medicines; and lifestyle (e.g. diet, physical exercise, smoking and alcohol). The outcome is a global picture of the health of the population allowing identification of any priority areas. This health information is one of the tools that can be used for health promotion and disease prevention. The valuable information regarding the nation’s health status cannot be obtained from other sources than surveys/questionnaires. Since the European Health Interview Survey is anticipated to be carried out in all EU Member States every five to six years, the changes in the health status of the Maltese population and the effect of health programmes and policies can be monitored. Consequently, this Health Survey provides policy makers with relevant information allowing them to make more evidence-based policy decisions in the field of public health. Furthermore, the results can be compared with those of other countries which are also carrying out the survey, thus identifying issues which are particular to Malta.

 

What was asked during the interview?

 

The information was gathered via 2 questionnaires. The first questionnaire was completed by the interviewer during a face-to-face interview . This questionnaire covers various topics such as quality of life and wellbeing, diet, physical exercise, body weight and height, illness and disabilities and also the use of health services and medicines.

 

The second shorter questionnaire is a self-completed questionnaire, which was filled in by the participant. The questions in this questionnaire cover more sensitive topics about one’s lifestyle, such as tobacco, alcohol and drug use. Both questionnaires have been adapted accordingly to address the difference in the cultural and social aspects as well as the health care system in Malta, when compared to other European countries. After the interview, the filled in questionnaires was put in a sealed envelope and returned to the Directorate.  Data collected through the survey is not identifiable and can not be linked back to participants.

 

How was the sample selected?

 

Participants were selected by means of a computerised random selection method from a population register provided by the National Statistics Office. All selected participants were individuals aged 15 years and over. In cases where the chosen participant was younger than 18 years of age, parental/guardian consent was obtained before conducting the interview.

What comes next?

​Now that fieldwork has been completed, DHIR is busy preparing the final dataset which shall be sent to EUROSTAT.  Once this is approved, work can begin to analyse the data.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The DHIR would like to thank our sponsors for the support they are offering to aid in the success of this survey. These comprise our main sponsors:

 

 

 

Chemimart Group Ltd
JB stores
Hotel Xlendi Resort & Spa
 

 

We would also like to thank EUROSTAT for the provision of the core questionnaire and all other stakeholders, within and outside the Ministry for Energy and Health, for their input to make this survey as comprehensive and relevant as possible.
 

For further information on the European Health Interview Survey please contact the Directorate for Health Information and Research on 25599000 or healthinfo@gov.mt.