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European Health Interview Survey 2014/2015 (EHIS)

 


Contact person:  Dr Kathleen England​

Background to the Survey
 

In 2014/15 the Directorate for Health Information & Research (DHIR) conducted the Second European Health Interview Survey (EHIS) in Malta and Gozo. This followed the First National Health Interview Survey in 2002, followed by what became the first European Health Interview Survey (EHIS)​ in 2008. It was anticipated that the European Health Interview Survey would be carried out every 5/6 years in the future as per EU regulations. The EHIS was implemented in accordance with legal requirements as stipulated by the European Commission and provided a meaningful comparison with other member states regarding the health of the nation.​


What is the aim of European Health Interview Survey?

 

The European Health Interview Survey is a study during which information on health related issues is systematically collected by means of interviews (without physical examination) to a representative sample of the resident population in Malta aged 15 and over. Health related issues incorporate dental, physical and mental health/illnesses; physical limitations in activities; use of health care services and medicines; and lifestyle (e.g. diet, physical exercise, smoking and alcohol). The outcome is a global picture of the health of the population allowing identification of any priority areas. This health information is one of the tools that can be used for health promotion and disease prevention. This valuable information regarding the nation’s health status often cannot be obtained from other sources. Since the European Health Interview Survey is anticipated to be carried out in all EU Member States every five to six years, the changes in the health status of the Maltese population and the effect of health programmes and policies can be monitored. Consequently, this Health Survey provides policy makers with relevant information allowing them to make more evidence-based policy decisions in the field of public health. Furthermore, the results can be compared with those of other countries which also carried out the survey, thus identifying issues which are particular to Malta.


How was the sample selected?

 

Participants were selected by means of a computerised random selection method from a population register provided by the National Statistics Office. All selected participants were individuals aged 15 years and over. In cases where the chosen participant was younger than 18 years of age, parental/guardian consent was obtained before conducting the interview.

 

What was asked during the interview?

 

The information was gathered via 2 questionnaires. The first questionnaire was completed by the trained interviewer during a face-to-face interview . This questionnaire covered various topics such as quality of life and wellbeing, diet, physical exercise, body weight and height, illness and disabilities and also the use of health services and medicines.

 

The second shorter questionnaire was a self-completed questionnaire, which covered more sensitive topics about one’s lifestyle, such as tobacco, alcohol and drug use. Both questionnaires have been adapted accordingly to address the difference in the cultural and social aspects as well as the health care system in Malta, when compared to other European countries. After the interview, the filled in questionnaires was put in a sealed envelope and returned to the Directorate.  Data collected through the survey is not identifiable and can not be linked back to participants.


Questionnaire in English

Questionnaire in Maltese​​

 


For further information with regards to the results of the European Health Interview Survey 2014/15, please contact the Directorate for Health Information and Research on +356 2559 9000 or healthinfo@gov.mt​.

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The DHIR would like to thank our sponsors for the support they are offering to aid in the success of this survey. These comprise our main sponsors:

 

 

 

Chemimart Group Ltd
JB stores
Hotel Xlendi Resort & Spa
 

 

We would also like to thank EUROSTAT for the provision of the core questionnaire and all other stakeholders, within and outside the Ministry for Energy and Health, for their input to make this survey as comprehensive and relevant as possible.
 

For further information on the European Health Interview Survey please contact the Directorate for Health Information and Research on 25599000 or healthinfo@gov.mt.