COVID Case Data and Isolation/Quarantine Rules
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COVID Case Data and Isolation/Quarantine Rules

Case Data

T
o speed up Pu​blic Health processes, COVID positive persons are requested to complete a COVID Case Data Form (link below) and email it back to Public Health.

The form can be opened by spreadsheet program. After completing the form, save it in spreadsheet format (xlsx) with a new filename in the format 'covid19case_name_surname_ID.xlsx'   (e.g. covid19case_Joe_Borg_0123456M.xlsx). Then email it as an attachment to covid19.positivecase@gov.mt.​​

If you are under 18, please ask a responsible adult to complete and send the form in your name.

Legal notices:
By submitting this data, consent is given to the Department of Health Regulation to process this personal data according to Article 27 (a) (i) of the Public Health Act, the EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU/2016/679) and the Data Protection Act (2018).
Self-isolation of persons diagnosed as suffering from COVID-19 is regulated by Public Health Act S.L. 465.29 & S.L. 465.30


Isolation/Quarantine Rules applicable as of 3rd January 2022

Isolation/Quarantine Calculator
You may calculate the duration of your isolation/quarantine using the Isolation/Quarantine Calculator available at this link.


COVID-19 Quarantine Chart






Self-isolation rules for COVID positive persons



Persons 18 years of age or over with a valid vaccine certificate inclusive of booster dose need to observe a period of mandatory isolation of 10 days (provided the date of the booster dose is 14 days or more prior to the release date).


   For adults 18 years and over vaccinated with Spikevax (Moderna), Comirnaty (Pfizer), Vaxzevria (Astrazeneca) or Nuvaxovid (Novovax):
     2 doses + booster + 14 days = 10 days self isolation

   For adults 18 years and over vaccinated with Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) vaccine:
     1 dose + booster + 14 days = 10 days self isolation

Persons aged between 5-17 years with a valid vaccine certificate for two doses of the vaccine plus 14 days will observe a period of mandatory isolation for 10 days (provided the date of the second  dose is 14 days or more prior to the release date).

   For people aged 5-17 years with Comirnaty (Pfizer):
     2 doses + 14 days = 10 days self-isolation

The above rules apply only if the positive person had no symptoms for the last 3 days of their isolation. If the positive case still has symptoms, then s/he should remain in self-isolation until 24 hours after symptoms resolve.Those who do not fulfil the conditions above will still be required to observe a 14 day period of self-isolation from when testing positive. Date of swab refers to the date the swab was taken and is considered as DAY 0. Start counting days in isolation from the following day.

This policy change also applies to those primary contacts who were already in self-isolation before the 3rd January 2022.  Public Health will continue to enforce these applicable rules and regulations and if anyone is found to have broken these regulations, applicable fines will be issued as per current legislation.


Mandatory quarantine rules for HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS living with COVID positive persons




Persons living in the same household as a COVID positive person are only eligible for a reduced quarantine period of 10 days if the COVID positive person is eligible for 10 day release. 

Persons aged 18 years and over with a valid vaccine certificate inclusive of booster dose will require to observe a period of mandatory quarantine of 10 days (provided the date of the booster dose is 14 days or more prior to the release date).
Persons aged between 5-17 years with a valid vaccine certificate for the primary vaccination schedule (2 doses + 14 days) will observe a period of mandatory quarantine of 10 days (provided the date of the second dose is 14 days or more prior to the release date).
The above rules apply only if the household contacts had no symptoms for the last 3 days of their quarantine.
Those who do not meet the above criteria are required to observe a quarantine period of 14 days.
Household members living with a covid positive person cannot be released from quarantine before the covid positive person. 
Children under the age of 5, and persons living in the household who do not fulfil the eligibility criteria for a shorter quarantine period are required to remain in quarantine for the full 14 days.

Mandatory quarantine rules for close contacts (primary contacts) of positive cases who are NON-HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS (not living with the positive case)




Close contacts (also known as primary contacts) are at risk of developing COVID-19 due to significant expsoure to a positive case of COVID-19 during their infectious period (e.g. due to significant time spent face-to-face at short distances, sharing an enclosed space for extended periods or having physical contact).
The term ‘primary contact’ refers to any person who is at high risk of viral transmission following close contact with or exposure to a person diagnosed as suffering from COVID-19 infectious disease (i.e. a positive case of COVID-19). 

If unvaccinated
All persons who are high-risk contacts of persons with COVID-19 are required to observe a period of mandatory quarantine of 14 days if they are unvaccinated.

If vaccinated with a booster dose
This category of contacts must observe a 10 day period of mandatory quarantine if they are are in possession of a valid and recognised vaccination certificate with a booster dose, with the date of the booster dose being at least 14 days prior to the release date.

Minors (under 18 years) with 2 doses of vaccine
Minors 5-17 years of age who have completed their primary schedule and have a valid and recognised vaccine certificate 14 days before the release date, may observe a period of 10 days in quarantine


Early Release for primary contacts (not household contacts)
Primary contacts who do not live with the positive case and who have a valid vaccination certificate (2 doses of a 2 dose vaccine and 1 dose of a 1 dose vaccine with or without booster),as has been the policy since August 2021, continue to be eligible for early release from quarantine of 7 days provided they undergo a PCR on day 7 of quarantine (the 7th day after the last exposure to the positive person with the day of exposure being considered DAY 0) and this results in a "non-reactive" (negative) COVID-19 test. Even after the test is performed, vaccinated primary contacts are to remain in quarantine until they recieve their negative result. Quarantine period wil then end on the 7th day at midnight.

Eligibility:

1.
Neither the primary contact, nor any of the residents in the household, have tested positive for COVID-19 during their quarantine period
2. None of the household have any symptoms of COVID-19

​Should a primary contact or any person residing at the same residence of a primary contact undergo a swab test during the quarantine period and result positive, then all household contacts of the positive case (even if fully vaccinated) will be required to restart their mandatory quarantine for another 14 days, starting from the day the latest household member tests positive.


Quarantine rules for household members of close/primary contacts (secondary contact)




These rules apply irrespective of whether the close contact is vaccinated or not.​ The household members of primary/close contacts (secondary contacts) are eligible for exemption from quarantine if they are: 

Aged 18 years and over with a valid vaccine certificate inclusive of booster dose with date of booster 14 days or more prior to contact with the positive case​ (DO NOT need to quarantine).

Aged between 5-17 years with a vaccine certificate for primary schedule (2 doses + 14 days) with date of second dose 14 days or more prior to contact with the positive case (DO NOT need to quarantine).
        And
 

​Are not symptomatic or have not become a primary contact of a confirmed case or have not tested positive themselves.
Those who do not meet the above criteria need to observe quarantine together with the primary contact until the primary contact is released.
 

NOTES ON VACCINE CERTIFICATES

Vaccine certificates can be updated to include the booster dose or can be downloaded as proof of the completed primary vaccination schedule 2 weeks after the vaccination. Primary vaccination schedule refers to the initial course of vaccination as recommended by the manufacturer e.g. two doses of Spikevax (Moderna), Comirnaty (Pfizer), Vaxzevria (Astrazeneca), Nuvaxovid (Novovax) or one dose of the Jannsen (Johnson& Johnson) vaccine.

​Vaccine certificates for adults 18 years and above need to be updated to include the booster dose. This can be done 14 days after the booster has been taken.

For children aged 17 years and under, the vaccine certificate can be downloaded as proof of the completed primary vaccination schedule 14 days after the second dose.

Important note for Unvaccinated Persons
All the above policy changes do not apply to unvaccinated persons and persons who are not yet fully vaccinated, whether they are Positive Cases, Primary or Secondary Contacts.  For unvaccinated persons, including children under 5 years of age, the applicable self-isolation and quarantine periods remain at 14 days.

Important note on documentation regarding release from self-isolation/quarantine

The notification for self-isolation for positive cases and quarantine of their household members will be issued through the notification of their swab result.  No release letters will continue to be sent for the release of the positive case and their household.  
The negative test result, results/quarantine notification and vaccine certificate should be made available to employers’ human resources representatives or administrative officers who may request this of the person in self-isolation/quarantine in order to verify compliance with these Standards.


  

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