Symptoms
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Symptoms

Coronavirus

What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are viruses which cause respiratory symptoms ranging from the common cold to more serious illnesses such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). They are a family of viruses which are present both in humans and in animals.

They are spread from one person to another through:
- Coughing and sneezing (via droplets)
- Hands which have become co​ntaminated with the virus after touching contaminated surfaces or
- Through direct contact with a person infected with the coronavirus (such as caring for a sick person)

What are the symptoms?
From the information known to date, the common symptoms are one or more of the below:
- Fever
Headache
- Cough
- Sore throat
- Runny / blocked nose
- Tiredness
- Diarrhoea or vomiting
- Sneezing
- Muscle pain
- Shortness of breath

The most common symptoms include:
- Fever
Headache
- Cough
- Sore throat



What should I do if I have symptoms?
If you have any of the above symptoms, please stay at home and book a test either online or on https://covidtest.gov.mt or by calling the Public Health helpline on 111. If you have symptoms of respiratory illness like cough, contact your GP or Health Centre. If you have severe symptoms such as severe shortness of breath, call 112 immediately.

If your symptoms get worse please call your family doctor or Primary Care on 21222444. In the event of a positive swab result, where the virus responsible for Covid-19 is detected, the person will receive an email indicating a positive result. 

How severe is the infection?
It is generally mild, especially for children and young people, ​but may also result in requirement of medical care and hospitalisation. In some cases, the infection can cause severe pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome that can lead to death.

How is Covid-19 Coronavirus spread?
The Covid-19 infection is transmitted by people carrying the virus. The disease can be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets expelled from the nose or mouth when a person coughs or sneezes.

These droplets can persist for a few hours on objects or surfaces around the person in question. An infection with Covid-19 can occur if you touch these objects or surfaces and then touch your eyes, nose or mouth. Covid-19 can also be contracted by inhaling droplets from a sick person who has just coughed or sneezed. Therefore, it is important to keep a distance of more than two metres from a sick person and to respect basic hygiene measures.