Gastroenteritis: Rota Virus
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Gastroenteritis: Rota Virus

Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the most common cause of severe diarrhoea among children. It is primarily is by faeco-oral transmission. 



Reservoir
Human.


Incubation period
1-3 days.


Signs and Symptoms
  • Sudden onset water diarrhoea, with or without vomiting.
  • Dehydration
  • Symptoms may last up to 6 days.

Diagnosis
Detection of virus in stools.


Treatment
Oral rehydration is generally enough but may need hospitalization for intravenous fluids and electrolytes.


Control and Prevention
  • Improved hygiene,
  • Education,
  • Clean water,
  • Breast feeding helps to provide passive immunity in the newborn (from maternal antibodies).